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Oggetto:
Oggetto:

Games, Preferences and Decisions

Oggetto:

Games, Preferences and Decisions

Oggetto:

Anno accademico 2022/2023

Codice attività didattica
FIL0227
Docente
Jan Michael Sprenger (Titolare del corso)
Corso di studio
laurea magistrale in Filosofia
Philosophy International Curriculum M.A.
Anno
1° anno, 2° anno
Periodo
Secondo semestre
Tipologia
Caratterizzante - Ambito: Discipline classiche, storiche, antropologiche e politico-sociali
Crediti/Valenza
6
SSD attività didattica
SECS-P/01 - economia politica
Erogazione
Tradizionale
Lingua
Inglese
Frequenza
Obbligatoria
Tipologia esame
Scritto
Tipologia unità didattica
corso
Prerequisiti

Knowledge of mathematics at high school level, and interest in understanding human rationality. The course is open for students from all disciplines and also interesting for continentally oriented
philosophers.

Vedi descrizione in inglese.

Oggetto:

Sommario insegnamento

Oggetto:

Obiettivi formativi

The course introduces students to the essential elements of decision theory, expected utility theory, game theory and their applications to understanding human interaction in society (e.g., altruistic behavior, the concept of fairness, the breakdown of negotiations, emergence and decline of social norms). More broadly, the course familiarizes students with modern theories of instrumental rationality which are contrasted to empirical evidence and rivalling philosophical theories of rationality (e.g., Kantian accounts). They learn to evaluate human actions using the tools of decision and game theory and at the same time, they learn how to evaluate those theories critically and to identify their scope and limits.

Vedi descrizione in inglese.

Oggetto:

Risultati dell'apprendimento attesi

Students obtain a clear understanding of what it means to decide and to behave rationally, and to give a critical evaluation of the scope, success and limits of theories of rational choice. They understand the technical foundations of rational choice and game theory and can apply these theories to real-world phenomena.

Vedi descrizione in inglese.

Oggetto:

Programma

Part I: Instrumental Rationality and the Concept of Utility

Week 1: The concept of utility in the British philosophy of the 18th and 19th century (Hume, Bentham,
Mill), and its impact on the modern concept of instrumental rationality. Contrast with Kantian conceptions of rationality.

Week 2: Weber's typology of different types of rationality. Discussion of the scientific character of impersonal  comparisons of utility (Robbins vs. Harsányi).

Part II: Decision Theory

Week 3: The concept of value or utility function. Statement and proof of the van Neumann-Morgenstern
representation theorem for expected utility maximization. Criticism of the underlying axioms (Allais' paradox), analysis of the concept of risk attitude.  Optional: introduction to prospect theory (Kahneman and Tversky).

Week 4: More abstract representation results. Statement and proof sketch of Savage's representation
theorem for expected utility maximization. Critical discussion of the underlying axioms and the Sure-
Thing Principle in particular (Ellsberg' paradox). Non-probabilistic decision rules.

Part III: Game Theory and Social Norms

Week 5: Introduction to game theory and its central concepts such as dominant strategies, Nash equilibria, backward induction, etc. Different kinds of Nash equilibria (e.g., pure and randomized ones), and their interpretations.

Week 6: Applying game theory to explaining altruistic behavior cooperation. Criticism and limitations of
game theory from an empirical point of view. The evolutionary interpretation of game theory. Introduction to cooperative bargaining theory. Optional: theory of social norms (Bicchieri).

Vedi descrizione in inglese.

Oggetto:

Modalità di insegnamento

Mixture of lecture and seminar. Week 3-6 require a certain degree of "frontal teaching" due to the technical nature of the content. However, students will have the option to test their understanding of the material through interactive course elements (e.g., in-classroom games, choosing between different hypothetical options, etc.).

Active partecipation is a prerequisite for passing the course!

Vedi descrizione in inglese.

Oggetto:

Modalità di verifica dell'apprendimento

Essay (ca. 3,000 words) and written exam. These two elements count equally toward the final grade (45%
each). The remaining 10% of the grade is determined on the basis of contributions in class.

Vedi descrizione in inglese.

Testi consigliati e bibliografia



Oggetto:
Libro
Titolo:  
The Theory of Choice
Anno pubblicazione:  
1992
Editore:  
Hargreaves-Heap, Shaun
Autore:  
(various authors)
Obbligatorio:  
No
Obbligatorio:  
No
Oggetto:

Inserire qui il testo in inglese (massimo 4000 caratteri). Non eliminare l’indicazione “English” tra le parentesi quadre; è necessaria per la creazione dell’etichetta di visualizzazione del testo in inglese. Una volta inseriti i testi eliminare queste indicazioni in modo che non risultino visibili agli studenti.

Inserire qui il testo in italiano (massimo 4000 caratteri). Non eliminare l’indicazione “Italiano” tra le parentesi quadre; è necessaria per la creazione dell’etichetta di visualizzazione del testo in italiano. Una volta inseriti i testi eliminare queste indicazioni in modo che non risultino visibili agli studenti.



Oggetto:

Note

Participation in the classes is obligatory. There is no exam for "non-frequentanti".

A syllabus with a more detailed course schedule and the course bibliography will be made available on campusnet to registered students some weeks before the course. In general, we will focus on reading articles and short excerpts from books.

Vedi descrizione in inglese.

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Insegnamenti che mutuano questo insegnamento

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    Apertura registrazione
    01/08/2022 alle ore 01:00
    Chiusura registrazione
    30/06/2023 alle ore 23:55
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    Ultimo aggiornamento: 05/07/2022 18:47
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